[Ifeffit] building feff input file; position of absorbing atom(s)

Anatoly I Frenkel afrenke2 at yu.edu
Wed Oct 12 07:54:33 CDT 2011

Are all atoms on the regular hcp lattice sites? In that case, most likely, bulk Ru FEFF calculation will properly describe theoretical EXAFS signal (provided that you vary coordination number from your geometry and define it to be equal to that value when you construct your EXAFS signal). You will need to find S02 independently from experiment.

If the atoms are distorted from the lattice sites, but the bond lengths historgam is reasonably symmetric and narrow, you can run FEFF calculation for a mean distance (by constructing it from bulk Ru, for example, with the model FEFF distance being the mean distance of your histogram). Then you can assign Debye Waller factor term that has two components: the static (from your histogram standard deviation) and dynamic (that you can theoretically estimate from the Einstein temperature and the cluster temperature.

If the atoms are distorted asymmetrically (e.g., your histogram is strongly non-Gaussian), there are two possibilities:

1) Keep single FEFF calculation but correct for the geometry by using a method described in Yevick and Frenkel, Phys. Rev. B 2010. This approach assumes that the interatomic distances do not change more than 10% (you can check that) and thus FEFF-calculated amplitudes and phases are transferrable. In that case, you will need to add thermal factor (See above) but you have to be careful since the Einstein model would not so obviously work for the strongly distorted surface bonds.

2) If the histogram is more broad than that, you will need to calculate FEFF on each atom and add 80 FEFF calculations. Thermal factor will still be a problem. All in all, a MD calculation is the best approach, and that is what, I think, Bruce Ravel is working on.


From: ifeffit-bounces at millenia.cars.aps.anl.gov [ifeffit-bounces at millenia.cars.aps.anl.gov] on behalf of Dreher Marian [Marian.Dreher at psi.ch]
Sent: Wednesday, October 12, 2011 8:40 AM
To: XAFS Analysis using Ifeffit
Subject: [Ifeffit] building feff input file; position of absorbing atom(s)

Dear Feff community,

I have a question concerning the position of the absorbing atom when creating a feff input file.

I am trying to calculate the EXAFS for a disk-like Ru nanoparticle that I "built" from literature data using the program Diamond. The particle has 3 atomic layers, looks somewhat half-pyramidal and consists of about 80 atoms. I then exported the atom positions and used them as an input for feff.

Since my cluster is far from being a bulk structure, the spectrum I get strongly depends on where I place my absorbing atom.

In this cluster the atoms can be grouped by common coordination number. Do I have to manually calculate the EXAFS for every single group and then calculate the mean spectrum weighted with the degeneracy of each group or is there a smarter way to do that?

Many thanks,


Marian Dreher, Dipl. Chem.
PhD Student, Catalytic Process Engineering Group

Paul Scherrer Institut
General Energy Research (ENE)
Laboratory for Bioenergy and Catalysis
Office: OVGA/115
CH-5232 Villigen PSI

Phone: +41 (0)56 310 2937
email:  marian.dreher at psi.ch
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